Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change June – 2016

To make this compilation we have used the following sources –

  • PIB
  • AIR
  • The Hindu
  • Indian Express
  • Economic Times
  • Other References

So be assured about quality and authenticity and just focus on preparation.

In this article, we have shared  issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change (current affairs notes) which are helpful for UPSC Mains and UPSC Prelims. These notes are also available in the form of Book and ebook.

These current events are also useful and helpful for SSC, Banking and state level PCS examination, but we have specially crafted and edited the notes for UPSC Mains and UPSC prelims.

Here we have listed the Most important events related to Environment & Ecology for the month of June 2016. You may also download the full magazine here.

Here is the quick list of Environment & Ecology  events for the month of June 2016, scroll down for detailed news.

Sl No

List of Events

1.

Global Environmental Facility (GEF)

2.

Key Points of the green energy spending report 2015

3.

Clean Energy Ministerial(CEM7)

4.

Asia’s first ‘Gyps VR Programme’ launched

5.

‘Urban forests’ created

6.

Arctic getting greener due to climate change

7.

India Rejects US Study On Pollution in The Country

8.

New atlas of light pollution


Global Environmental Facility (GEF)

  • “An agreement for Global Environmental Facility (GEF) grant of $9.20 million with the World Bank for ‘Efficient and Sustainable City Bus Service Project’ was signed” Finance Ministry said in a statement.
  • The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) will be the implementing agency of the GEF for the project.

Objective of project

  • The project’s development objective is to improve the efficiency and attractiveness of city bus transport and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the demonstration cities.
  • It comprises: (i) a national capacity building component to be implemented by Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD); and (ii) city demonstration projects in the cities of Bhopal, Chandigarh, Jaipur and Mira Bhayandar.

Key Points of the green energy spending report 2015

India was among the top five countries in 2015 in terms of investment in renewable energy, solar photovoltaic (PV) and solar water heating capacity, wind and hydropower capacity, according to a global renewables report released

Key Points of the report

  • India was fifth in terms of investment in renewable power and fuels in 2015 after China, US, Japan and Britain, said the Renewables Global Status Report prepared by REN21, a group of energy experts, government representatives and NGOs. New solar, wind and hydropower sources were added last year at the fastest rate the world has ever seen, the study said. In wind power capacity addition too, India was fifth in 2015, behind China, US,
  • New solar, wind and hydropower sources were added last year at the fastest rate the world has ever seen, the study said. In wind power capacity addition too, India was fifth in 2015, behind China, US,

Clean Energy Ministerial(CEM7)

Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan led the Indian delegation at the 7th Clean Energy Ministerial(CEM7) and the Inaugural Mission Innovation Meet at San Francisco, held on 1st and 2nd of June, 2016.

India has been a member of CEM since its inception and has joined 8 out of 13 CEM initiatives. India is a Founding Member of the Steering Committee of the Mission Innovation and also a Member of the two sub-groups: Joint Research and Capacity Building and Private Sector Engagement. Department of Biotechnology under the Ministry of Science and Technology is coordinating the national efforts towards the Mission.


Asia’s first ‘Gyps VR Programme’ launched

Union Environment Minister Shri Prakash Javadekar has launched Asia’s first ‘Gyps Vulture Reintroduction (VR) Programme’ in Haryana at Pinjore on 4 June 2016. They jointly released two Himalayan Griffons into the wild from the Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre,

Pinjore. When they lifted the front netting giving the captive Himalayan Griffons the option of joining the wild Griffons, the released vultures readily stepped outside and joined the wild vultures. Shri Javadekar lauded the support extended by the Haryana Government in the reintroduction of the programme. While releasing captive vultures in pre-release aviaries close to the breeding centre, he gave one the name ‘Jodh Singh’. The government has fixed a target to increase the existing forest cover in the country to 33 percent.

 

Details

  • It is a matter of concern that the species of vulture has become endangered. Most vultures have disappeared and the reason is Diclofenac, a painkiller drug given to cattle which can kill birds.
  • The vultures play a vital role in keeping the environment clean, their breeds should be increased and the government is constantly working to increase their numbers.

 


‘Urban forests’ created

On the World Environment Day (5 June 2016), the Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Mr. Prakash Javadekar has highlighted the need for increasing the green cover and protecting wildlife.

 

What

  • Urban forestry is the new thrust area and we will be taking up massive tree plantation drive in as many as 200 cities and towns across the country” said Mr. Javadekar at a commemorative function organized at the Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Borivali, Mumbai.
  • The Environment Ministry will launch the ‘Urban Forestry Scheme’ in Pune, where 6000 saplings will be planted to create an ‘urban jungle’ on about 80 acres of land.

 


Arctic getting greener due to climate change

Using 29 years of data from satellite imageries, NASA scientists have found extensive greening in the Arctic region, thanks to rising temperatures. The northern reaches of North America are getting greener, said the study that provides the most detailed look yet at plant life across Alaska and Canada.

In a changing climate, almost a third of the land cover — much of it Arctic tundra — is looking more like landscapes found in warmer ecosystems, the researchers said. With 87,000 images taken from Landsat satellites, the researchers found that western Alaska, Quebec and other regions became greener between 1984 and 2012.

Details

  • Landsat is a joint NASA/US Geological Survey programme that provides the longest continuous space-based record of the Earth’s land vegetation in existence.
  • It shows the climate impact on vegetation in the high latitudes.
  • Temperatures are warming fast in the Arctic which has led to longer seasons for plants to grow in and changes to the soils.

India Rejects US Study On Pollution in The Country

The Government on 8 June 2016 rejected the study on pollution published in the Geophysical Research Letters Journal of the American Geophysical Union. The following is the text of the statement made by Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar:

  • We reject the claims made in the so-called research article that Indians lose six years of their lives because of pollution.
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences does not agree with the study and has completely rejected the study. The Ministry of Earth Sciences has made it clear that it does not subscribe to any of the conclusions emerging out of the reported study.
  • The study is based on regional atmospheric chemistry model and statistical algorithm to construct estimates and this is based on studies in Europe and America, which have been extrapolated on India. This study has not been done on sampling, it has not been done on ground studying and it is not based on long-term observations.

 

New atlas of light pollution

A new atlas of light pollution documents the degree to which the world is illuminated by artificial skyglow. In addition to being a scourge for astronomers, bright nights also affectnocturnal organisms and the ecosystems in which they live.

The “New World Atlas of Artificial Night Sky Brightness” was published in the open access journal Science Advances on June 10, 2016.

Details

  • Researchers from Italy, Germany, the USA, and Israel carried out the work, which was led by Fabio Falchi from the Italian Light Pollution Science and Technology Institute (ISTIL). “The new atlas provides a critical documentation of the state of the night environment as we stand on the cusp of a worldwide transition to LED technology” explains Falchi. “Unless careful consideration is given to LED color and lighting levels, this transition could, unfortunately, lead to a 2-3-fold increase in skyglow on clear nights.”
  • The atlas documents the world that is in many places awash with light. In Western Europe, only a few small areas remain where the night sky remains relatively unpolluted, including areas in Scotland, Sweden, Norway, and parts of Spain and Austria.



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