Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change July – 2016

To make this compilation we have used the following sources –

  • PIB
  • AIR
  • The Hindu
  • Indian Express
  • Economic Times
  • Other References

So be assured about quality and authenticity and just focus on preparation.

In this article, we have shared  issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change (current affairs notes) which are helpful for UPSC Mains and UPSC Prelims. These notes are also available in the form of Book and ebook.

These current events are also useful and helpful for SSC, Banking and state level PCS examination, but we have specially crafted and edited the notes for UPSC Mains and UPSC prelims.

Here we have listed the Most important events related to Environment & Ecology for the month of July 2016. You may also download the full magazine here.

Here is the quick list of Environment & Ecology  events for the month of July 2016, scroll down for detailed news.

Sl No

List of Events

1.

India’s thriving biodiversity

2.

Environmental toxins hurt brain development

3.

Atlas on desertification and land degradation

4.

Reduction of Greenhouse Gases

India’s thriving biodiversity

Four species of reptiles, six species of amphibians, 26 species of fishes, three species of wild ginger and three of figs are among the 445 species new to science identified in India in 2015. The figure includes 262 animal species and 183 plant species. Some of the notable additions to the list of animals include arock gecko (Hemidactylus yajurvedi) found in Kanker Chhattishgarh, a new frog species (Fejervarya gomantaki) from the Western Ghats, and a shiny new species of fish (Barilius ardens), also from the Western Ghats.

Details

  • Among the plants, a new species of ginger Zingiber bipinianum has been found in theSouth Garo hills of Meghalaya, and a species of mushroom (Bondarzewia zonata) has been collected from north Sikkim at an altitude of 2,829 m.
  • Scientists of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) are delighted that all regions in the country have recorded new species while those from the Zoological Society of India (ZSI) are excited that more than 15 per cent of the new species are higher vertebrates.
  • The most discoveries were made in the Eastern Himalaya region, which accounts for 19 per cent of the total discoveries followed by the Western Ghats (18 per cent) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands at about 15 per cent, BSI director Paramjit Singh said.

Environmental toxins hurt brain development

An unprecedented alliance of leading scientists, health professionals, and children’s and environmental health advocates agree for the first time that today’s scientific evidence supports a link between exposures to toxic chemicals in air, water, food and everyday products and children’s risks for neuro developmental disorders. In a consensus statement published in Environmental Health Perspectives, the alliance, known as Project TENDR (Targeting Environmental Neuro-Developmental Risks), calls for immediate action to significantly reduce exposures to toxic chemicals and protect brain development now and for generations to come. Neuro developmental disorders include intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and learning and other disabilities.

The chemicals and pollutants highlighted in the consensus statement as contributing to children’s learning, intellectual and behavioral impairments are:

  • Organophosphate (OP) pesticides
  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) used as flame retardants
  • Combustion-related air pollutants, which include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter

Atlas on desertification and land degradation

The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro), along with the Ministry of Environment, has come up with an atlas to fight desertification and land degradation. Desertification and land degradation are major threats to the agricultural productivity in the country.

 What

  • India is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on Combating Desertification (UNCCD), which is committed to combatting desertification and land degradation, and hopes to achieve land degradation neutral status by 2030.
  • The atlas, compiled using high-tech maps, was developed by the Isro, Space Applications Centre (SAC), and 19 other partner institutes.
  • It was prepared using Indian Remote Sensing Satellites’ (IRS) Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) data of 2011-13 and 2003-05.

Reduction of Greenhouse Gases

In a declaration in 2009, India announced a voluntary goal of reducing the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20–25%, over 2005 levels, by 2020, despite having no binding mitigation obligations as per the Convention. Subsequently, India in its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has announced its intention to reduce emission intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 levels by 2030 subject to availability of requisite means of implementation. A slew of policy measures was launched to achieve this goal.

What

  • The emission intensity of GDP has reduced by 12% between 2005 and 2010 and the same has been reported in India’s First Biennial Update Report (BUR).
  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in its Emission Gap Report (year 2014), has recognized India as one of the countries on track to achieve the voluntary pre-2020 pledge.
  • India had maintained its stand for an ambitious and durable agreement based on the principles of Equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC).

 

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