Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change August – 2016

To make this compilation we have used the following sources –

  • PIB
  • AIR
  • The Hindu
  • Indian Express
  • Economic Times
  • Other References

So be assured about quality and authenticity and just focus on preparation.

In this article, we have shared  issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change (current affairs notes) which are helpful for UPSC Mains and UPSC Prelims. These notes are also available in the form of Book and ebook.

These current events are also useful and helpful for SSC, Banking and state level PCS examination, but we have specially crafted and edited the notes for UPSC Mains and UPSC prelims.

Here we have listed the Most important events related to Environment & Ecology for the month of August 2016. You may also download the full magazine here.

Here is the quick list of science and tech events for the month of June 2016, scroll down for detailed news.

Sl No

List of Events

1.

Country first tiger repository

2.

`Mithun’ conservation

3.

Indian Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (ISEER)

Country first tiger repository

The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) will now house the country’s first repository on tigers, under its new Tiger Cell. “We have worked with the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) on tiger conservation and population estimation, and in the process we have generated a huge database,” WII Director V. B. Mathur told.

What

  • The Dehradun-based WII has about 23,000 images of tigers. “This has to be maintained and the Tiger Cell will do that.
  • If a tiger skin is recovered at a place, then a properly maintained database can be used to check where the tiger might have come from.
  • Project clearance The Tiger Cell could also help with the development-conservation debate.

`Mithun’ conservation

The Government will give all possible help for conservation of mithun, the only animal that is recognized as the State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Stating this the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh said that the mithun has a very significant role to play in the lives of the tribal communities of the North East. It also figures in the official seal of the state of Nagaland. Realizing the requirements for technology transfer efforts for conservation of mithun, a new Krishi Vigyan Kendra has been put in place at Peren only yesterday. In Research &Development, ICAR’s NRC mithun is the only Institute in the world dedicated purely to the research on conservation and improvement of this precious animal species.

What

  • ICAR’s NRC mithun is to work towards technology development for scientific rearing of mithuns that has not only helped in the conservation of the biodiversity and the rich cultural heritage of the region, but also contributed to the economic development and ecological stability of the NE states.
  • The tribal community in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur is closely involved in rearing of this bovine species, called `mithun’. Even though, the mithun may be genetically different from other bovine species, it has a genetic resemblance with its ancestor `gaur’.

Indian Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (ISEER)

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has introduced a new star rating methodology called Indian Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (ISEER) for air conditioners. This evolved rating methodology factors in variance in higher temperature in India and rates air conditioners accordingly. Consumers can now purchase air conditioners with higher efficiency leading to lower electricity bills. Consumers can now purchase air conditioners with higher efficiency leading to lower electricity bills.

What

  • Keeping the performance of air conditioners during higher temperature in mind, ISEER will address the different climatic zones in India and higher temperature. ISEER measures energy efficiency of air conditioners based on a weighted average of the performance at outside temperatures between 24 and 43-degree C based on Indian weather data.
  • As per Indian Weather Data Handbook, 2014, weather profile of 54 major cities shows that 65% of the total number of hours in a year have a temperature above 24 deg C (5778 hours out of 8760). Air conditioners in India have hitherto been tested under the IS 1391 at a standard operating conditions of outside temperature of 35-degree C. Star rating is given to manufacturers based on the test results provided by them as tested on the above standard.



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