The topics of General studies 2 are mostly of administrative nature such as governance, constitution, polity and social justice. The careful inspection of mains syllabus suggests us that apart from books there will be the requirement of newspaper and magazines in order to finish the syllabus. Let’s explore the available resources which will help you to sail through the examinations.
Please note that some of the books mentioned here are also suggested for prelims. So apart from that you just need to buy additional books mentioned here.
- Books for IAS Prelims Paper 1
- Books for IAS Prelims Paper 2
- Books for GS – 1 (mains)
- Books for GS – 3 (mains)
Let’s start with the point 1 of the syllabus that is
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- This topic can be covered with a single that is Introduction to the Constitution of India ( Durgadas Basu), you might face difficulties with terms used in this book, but at the same time for analytical writing with the wider perspective, this book is a masterpiece.
The 2nd point is
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- You might be familiar with this topic as these concepts are also discussed in Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikanth. While going through the book you will be surprised to find the line to line topic for this section, as if the author has considered the syllabus while penning this book.
The 3rd point is
Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions
- Here also Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikanth will help you to cover this topic, apart from that we are linking below some PDF files which will be extremely helpful.
- 2nd Administrative reforms commission report (selected topics)
- Devolution of finances to local bodies (PDF)
- Public Grievances and Redressal Mechanism (PDF)
The 4th point is
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
- So for this portion, we are going to recommend two books first one is Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikanth.
- The second book is Select Constitutions by Mishra and Kapur, it designed to provide you with an in-depth analysis of a number of governments around the world. The governments included here are those of Switzerland, England, India, US and the USSR. This book has been written with the intent of helping those students who are appearing for university exams, as well as for those students who are appearing for a wide range of competitive examinations.
- Apart from the books mentioned here, 2nd Administrative reforms commission report will also help out.
The 5th point is
Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
- Plenty of books available to cover up this section but the cheap and best among them is Our Parliament by Subhash C. Kashyap.
- Apart from that Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant will also help you out.
- Some topics of 2nd Administrative reforms commission report will also cover up this portion.
The 6th point is
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
- Here also you don’t need to buy an additional book as Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant will cover up all topics mentioned here.
- Apart from that selected topics from 2nd Administrative reforms commission report is recommended.
The 7th point is
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
- just follow this 27 pages PDF file for the static portion
- For current happenings, you may use newspaper or any current affairs magazine
The 8th, 9th & 10th points are
Various bodies + Constitutional, statutory + Government policies & interventions
Here we have combined the 8th, 9th and 10th point of the syllabus as they are interrelated and have similar theme, following books will helpful
- Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant
- 2nd Administrative reforms commission report (selected topics)
- Public Institutions in India: Performance and Design – The book explores the Presidency, Parliament, Judiciary and Police. It also observes the institutions of internal accountability, the civil services, along with economic institutions like the Reserve Bank of India.
The 11th point is
Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Although we can’t find any standard book for this topic but after browsing through the internet we discovered some useful articles
- Dept. of Administrative reforms notes on self-help group
- Complete Notes on Development Processes And The Development Industry
If you can find yojana magazines on this topic then that would also help out.
The 12th point is
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
Although there is no standard reference book to cover up this section, you need to mostly depend on the internet and current affairs. For your convenience, we are sharing below an article which has covered up everything.
The 13th point is
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
Earlier there was no book available on amazon for this section but now this book (Issues Relating to Social Development) by B Ramaswamy has tried to cover all topics, such as
- Introduction to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services
- Introductory Overview of Social Sector Programmes in India
- Issues Relating to Development and Management of Health Sector and Services in India
- Issues Relating to Human Resources Management and Education Sector in India
Apart from that for the current portion, you should follow the newspaper and the internet.
The 14th point is
Issues relating to poverty and hunger
There are plenty of materials available to cover up this section, we are listing below the best among them
- GS 2 Complete Notes – Issues relating to poverty and hunger
- Poverty in India: Causes, Effects, Injustice & Exclusion
- Planning commission notes on Poverty
The 15th point is
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
- Here we are going to recommend two books, which should be read together first one is Indian Polity 5th Edition by Laxmikant and the second one is Governance in India by the same author.
- For current portion follow any newspaper especially The Hindu
The 16th point is
The role of civil services in a democracy
- For this portion, if possible then you can go through the IGNOU study material on administration. The material can be found in BA programme of IGNOU, or it is easily available in any bookstore of Delhi.
The 17th point is
India and its neighbourhood- relations
- Plenty of study materials are available for this topic, best among them is Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy (Rajiv Sikri), this book is designed to maintain our place in the 21st-century global scenario. Many different national issues like economic diplomacy, energy security and interactions between diplomacy, defence and foreign organisations are being discussed in the different modules of this book.
- For current happenings simply follow the website of Ministry of external Affairs, here you will find a dedicated section for each and every country.
The 18th point is
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
- The preparation for this section is completely depended on current affairs, apart from the newspaper the websites like PIB, All India Radio and of Ministry of external Affairs will be extremely helpful.
The 19th point is
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
- For this section most of the stuff can be covered through current affairs, apart from that Ministry of external Affairs will be extremely helpful.
- You can also follow this List of International Organizations which help you to understand their function and dig into the mandates imposed on India.
That’s all guys for this portion of the syllabus, let us now sum up the important books mentioned above
- Introduction to the Constitution of India ( Durgadas Basu)
- Indian Polity 5th Edition
- Select Constitutions
- Our Parliament
- Public Institutions in India: Performance and Design
- Issues Relating to Social Development
- Governance in India
- Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy (Rajiv Sikri)