- In the north, it is bound by the lofty Himalayas.
- The Arabian Sea in the west
- The Bay of Bengal in the east and the Indian Ocean in the south
- The north-south extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200 km.
- And the east-west extent from Arunachal Pradesh to Kutch is about 2,900 km.
- India is located in the northern hemisphere
- TheTropic of Cancer (23°30 ‘ N) passes almost halfway through the country
- Fromsouth to north, India extends between 8°4′ N and37°6′ N latitudes.
- Fromwest to east, India extends between 68°7 ‘ E and97°25 ‘E longitudes.
- The southernmost point of the Indian Union– ‘Indira Point’ got submerged under the sea water in 2004 during the Tsunami.
Fig – Printout version of Indian Geography
- An area of 3.28 million square km.
- India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world.
- India is theseventh largest country of the world.
- India has aland boundary of about 15,200 km
- The total length of the coast line of the mainland including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is7,516.6 km.
- India is bounded by the young fold mountains in the northwest, north and north east.
- From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours.
- Hence, time along theStandard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country.
- Rajasthan is the largest state
- Goa is the smallest state in terms of area.
- No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has and indeed, it is India’s eminent position in the Indian Ocean which justifies the naming of an Ocean after it.
- Since theopening of the Suez Canal in 1869, India’s distance from Europe has been reduced by 7,000 km.
Do you know?
- The USA and Canada have six time zones extending from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic coast.
- Thelocal time changes by four minutes for every one degree of longitude.
- Thelocal time of longitude of 82°30′ E has been taken as the Indian Standard Time.