Important Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Events – January 2016

Here are the list of important Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Events in the month of January 2016, compiled from PIB, AIR, The Hindu, Indian Express and other important resources

PM inaugurates Sikkim Organic Festival 2016

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, inaugurated the Sikkim Organic Festival 2016, and addressed the Plenary Session of the National Conference on Sustainable Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, at Gangtok in Sikkim.
  • Five presentations on reports of different groups of State Agriculture Ministers, Agriculture Production Commissioners and Agriculture Secretaries were made to the Prime Minister.

Monitoring has helped reduce Ganga pollution

  • The government has said that there has been a significant reduction in industrial pollution in River Ganga since it started monitoring the polluting industries in the area.
  • “Conservative estimates say that discharge from 764 grossly polluting industries has been brought down by 125 million litres per day (MLD) from 501 MLD during the last assessment in 2012,” Minister of State (independent charge) for Environment Prakash Javadekar said at a press conference on Wednesday.

Government notifies stricter standards for sugar industry

  • The Environment Ministry has notified stricter environment standards for sugar industries operating across the country with the aim to minimise water pollution.
  • According to the notification, waste water discharge standards have been made stricter, by limiting the same to 200 litre per tonne of crushed cane, as against the earlier limit of 400 litre per tonne of the same. This will ultimately result in less consumption of raw water at operational level.

Discovery of solitary bee in Sundarbans 

  • A “solitary bee” species was recently discovered in the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve.
  • The 6.2-mm-long bee, named Braunsapis chandrai, is black in colour and has punctured legs. What makes it distinct from other species of solitary bees is the different patterns of the marks on its face and frontal region.

1,600 villages along Ganga to be made filth free

  • The Centre will implement a four-pronged programme in which as many as 1,600 villages along the Ganga stretch will be made filth free by October.
  • The government will implement the package in 1,600 village panchayat headquarters along the river banks within the next six months and complete the first phase of Ganga cleaning by October this year.

Human activity leading Earth into a new geological epoch

  • Has rapid human activity driven Earth into a new geological epoch? According to an international group of geoscientists, the evidence for a new geological epoch which marks the impact of human activity on Earth is now overwhelming.
  • The Anthropocene, which is argued to start in the mid-20th Century, is marked by the spread of materials such asaluminium, concrete, plastic, fly ash and fallout from nuclear testing across the planet.

India’s first organic state

  • Sikkim has become India’s first fully organic state by implementing organic practices on around 75,000 hectares of agricultural land.
  • “We have achieved fully-organic status in the end of December. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will formally announce this at a sustainable agriculture conference in Gangtokon January 18,”

India submits first biennial GHG emission update to UNFCC

  • India submitted its first Biennial Update Report (BUR), to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), towards fulfillment of the reporting obligation.
  • As per reported submitted to UNFCC, India emitted 2136.84 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent greenhouse gases (GHG) in 2010, which is an increase of 40% from the 2000 levels.

Get full coverage in monthly current affairs January 2016


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