Environment and ecology related questions asked in UPSC Prelims 2016


In this post, we have compiled list of environment and ecology questions asked in UPSC prelims 2016

Also check – current affairs question asked in UPSC prelims 2016

Environment and ecology questions in UPSC prelims 2016

1.In which of the following regions if India is you most likely to come across the ‘Great Indian Hornbill’ in its natural habitat ?

2.Which of the following are the key features of ‘National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA)’ ?

1. River basin is the unit of planning and management.

2. It spearheads the river conservation efforts at the national level.

3. One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGRBA on the rotation basis.

3.Why does the Government of India promote the use of ‘Neem – coated Urea’ in agriculture ?

4.The FAO accords the status of ‘Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS)’ to the traditional agricultural system. What is the overall goal of this initiative ?

1. To provide modern technology , Traning in modern farming methods and financial support to local communities of identified GIAHS so as to greatly enhance their agricultural productivity.

2. To identify and safeguard eco-friendly traditional farm practices and their associated landscapes , agricultural biodiversity and knowledge systems of the local communities.

3. To provide Geographical Indication Status to all the varieties of agricultural produce in such identified GIAHS.

5.Consider the following pairs :

Terms sometimes their origin seen in the news

Annex-I Countries : Cartagena Protocol

Certified Emissions Reduction : Nagoya Protocol

Clean Development Mechanism : Kyoto Protocol

6.Which of the following best describes/describe the aim of ‘Green India Mission’ of the Government of India ?

1. Incorporating environmental benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets there by implementing the ‘green accounting’.

2. Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future

3. Restoring and enhancing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.

7.What is/are unique about ‘Kharai camel’, a breed found in India ?

1. It is capable of swimming up to three kilometers in seawater

2. It survives by grazing on mangroves

3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated

8.With reference to an initiative called ‘The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is an initiative hosted by UNEP, IMF and World Economic Forum.

2. It is a global initiative that focuses on drawing attention to the economic benefits of biodiversity. 3. It presents an approach that can help decision- makers recognize, demonstrate and capture the value of ecosystems and biodiversity.

9.With reference to ‘Red Sanders’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements:

1. It is a tree species found in a part of South India.

2. It is one of the important trees in the tropical rainforest areas of South India.

10. Which of the following statements is/are correct? Proper design and effective implementation of UN-REDD+ Programme can significantly contribute to

1. protection of biodiversity

2. Resilience of forest ecosystems

3. Poverty reduction

11.What is ‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol’?

a) It is an international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify and manage greenhouse gas emissions

b) It is an initiative of the United Nations to offer financial incentives to developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adopt eco-friendly technologies

c) It is an inter- governmental agreement ratified by all the member countries of the United Nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to specified levels by the year 2022

d) It is one of the multilateral REDD+ initiatives hosted by the World Bank.

12. With reference to ‘Agenda 21’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements:

1. It is a global action plan for sustainable development.

2. It is organized in the world summit on sustainable development held in Johannesburg in 2002.

13.‘Gadgil Committee Report’ and ‘Kasturirangan Committee Report’, sometimes seen in the news, are related to

a) constitutional reforms

b) Ganga Action Plan

c) linking of rivers

d) protection of Western Ghats

14.Which of the following is/are the advantage/ advantages of practicing drip irrigation?

1. Reduction in weed

2. Reduction in soil salinity

3. Reduction in soil erosion

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